Tuesday, 27 August 2013

History of Warners Bay


The suburb was named after Jonathan Warner who first settled the area, the 2011 census stated the population as being 7, 457. Warners Bay is part of Lake Macquarie City Council; the first inhabitants were the Awabakal tribe over 8,000 years ago.

Lake Macquarie's original inhabitants derived their name from the lake, with the word Awabakal meaning people of the calm surface. The calm surface also heavily influenced the first white settlers to the area in 1800 as they developed a strong fishing industry on the lake.

In January 1825, the Reverend Lancelot E Threlkeld of the London Missionary Society made the decision to found a mission among the Awabakal at Lake Macquarie. The site “Biddobar” or “Biddaba” was chosen as the location of the mission. In a map accompanying a claim for land in 1829, Threlkeld marked the location – at the lakeside of what is now Warners Bay.

Jonathan Warner was a disbanded officer from the New South Wales Royal Veteran Corp. He had also been the Assistant Surveyor of Roads and Bridges in Wiseman’s Ferry District. In this role he was sent to check a proposed road from the Hawkesbury to Maitland via Lake Macquarie. 

Warner selected his land at the Threlkeld’s original mission site in July 1829 and was authorised to take possession in 1831. He built a two-storey weatherboard house which he called “Biddaba” - (silent resting place) on a hill near the present Warners Bay Primary School. There he established a farm and orange orchard. He had a number of assigned convicts to work on the farm in addition to his sons.


In 1833, he was appointed Police Magistrate for Brisbane Water, which involved fortnightly horseback journeys to Gosford to attend court sittings. He died in 1842, leaving his widow to manage the estate.  The orchard was a showplace as late as 1870 and visitors came from Newcastle to see it. The Warner Homestead was demolished in about 1932.

The Warner family had a small coal mine in the form of a tunnel on the waterfront below their house, the coal being taken away by boat from a jetty there. A second tunnel had been dug for coal in a gully near the homestead but it was not economical because of the difficulty of transporting the coal to the waterfront.


In 1883 a company headed by Hyde, Waterhouse and Cowlishaw leased the Warner Estate from the surviving heirs with the intention of drilling a third tunnel but the project does not seem to have materialized. On 24 July 1884, Archibald Gardiner notified the closure of the Warners Estate mine on behalf of the South Wallsend Coal Company.

By boat or horse; Jonathan Warner made his fortnightly journeys to Brisbane Water accompanied by two of his sons for safety. There was a horse and dray track to Newcastle, which was used to transport farm produce.

In 1931, a private bus service operated from Speers Point to Broadmeadow via Warners Bay and Charlestown. This was converted to a government service in 1937 and extended to Newcastle.

Opened as a provisional school in July 1892, Warners Bay Primary School became a public school in April 1904. The school was called “Warner” until November 1913. Warners Bay High School was opened in January 1966.



The Warners Bay Shopping Centre expanded rapidly after 1980. Lake Macquarie Council created a reserve along the edge of the bay using fill from various sites. This foreshore has become a hub for recreational activity both on and off shore, sailing, kayaking and paddle boarding are all popular activities. The area also features a shared cycle path and walking track stretching from the Lake Macquarie Art Gallery at Booragul to Green Point; the path is widely used by the local community.

12 comments:

  1. Interesting. Your foreshore sounds wonderful.

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    1. The foreshore is wonderful I use to walk along the foreshore every day.

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  2. I love reading history like this. Visiting your beautiful country is on my bucket list.

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    1. I a pleased you like it, something different for me

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  3. Nice story....do some more. It's fun reading them.

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  4. What a great historical look at Warners Bay. I love learning about different areas and the old photos are awesome. :-)

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    1. Yes I came across this info when I was writing about where I live and thought why not just use it as a post in it's own right

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  5. What a lovely area. Thanks for sharing.

    Love,
    Janie

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  6. Interesting story about Warner's Bay. Do you live near the water? Do you have photos of the waterfront now?

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    1. The photos on the post before this are of the waterfront/foreshore now.

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