Monday, 6 February 2017

History of Australia Aboriginal Art

Ok today I am going to tell you a little about Aboriginal art, I am sure most people have heard of Aboriginal rock paintings and engravings so here is just a little about them.

Aboriginal paintings are found on the ceilings and walls of rock shelters, which occur wherever suitable rock surfaces and outcrops exist. Figures include humans, kangaroos, emus, echidnas, grid patterns, animal tracks, boomerangs, axes, hand stencils and other motifs. Paintings are drawn with white, red, yellow and black pigments and charcoal drawings are also common

Around Sydney, there are probably more than 2000 engraving sites, only half of which have been accurately recorded. Rock engravings are usually located on highly elevated, smooth, flat surfaces, but in some instances can be found on large vertical rocks. They were made by drilling a series of holes in turn which were then connected to form a line.

In the local area, designs include fish, animals, humans, wooden artifacts, and mythological beings.
The precise meanings behind the engravings are not known. Interpretations of what the engravings meant to their makers are sketchy, but the most accepted understanding is that they are products of sacred ceremonies, which were periodically re-engraved as part of ongoing rituals. 

Because there are no initiated descendants of the people who made the engravings, no one is able to re-engrave them in a culturally appropriate way. They are therefore eroding away from natural causes, human foot traffic, and the ever-increasing use of remnant bushland.

Engravings occur usually where there is a suitable exposure of fairly flat, soft rock or in rock overhangs. People, animal shapes and tracks are common as well as non-figurative designs such as circles.

There are also scarred trees they are evidence of bark and wood being removed for shields, shelters, coolamons (whatever coolamons are) and canoes. These are rare in the Sydney area. The trees can be divided into three groups:
  • Bark removal for use eg. Coolamons
  • Wood removal for use eg. boomerangs
  • Evidence of climbing footholds eg. hunting possum
The tree was not killed by these methods and therefore scarring is evident.

Then there are Carved trees, these trees have complex patterns cut into the tree, where a piece of bark is removed and the underlying wood is carved. When a carved tree is found next to a grave, it is usually a sign of family ties or the totem of the deceased person.
The designs are often intricate spirals, diamonds and circles, and were carved using a stone hatchet or, more recently, a steel axe. Carved trees are important because of the ceremonial meaning to Aboriginal people.

They are probably the most naturally threatened site because of bush fires, environmental deterioration, and tree regrowth. They are also at risk from clearing. There are no carved trees surviving in the Sydney area.


Nancy Chan said...

Interesting to know about aboriginal art. They are born natural artist.

Josie Two Shoes said...

I love your history posts! It is sad that there is no one left to tell us exactly what these things mean and how they were used in ceremonies. Red, yellow, white and black are common indigenous paint colors in many places, I suppose because these pigments were readily available to use. It is sad that the tree totums are being lost. We always realize the true value of things (and people) after they are gone.

Janie Junebug said...

That's so interesting. This artwork needs to be saved somehow.


Debby said...

I enjoy art from other cultures. Just beautiful and thanks for sharing something I didn't know before.

CWMartin said...

Always enjoy these posts. I am trying to learn here, thus I watched a few overs of cricket from Perth yesterday!

Karen @BakingInATornado said...

I think aboriginal art is fascinating, something actually made be them. It's so sad that they're eroding.

Marg said...

That is so interesting. I have never known about the aboringinal art so I learned a lot so thanks for this.

Jo-Anne's Ramblings said...

Yes some are so talented

Jo-Anne's Ramblings said...

Oh yeah it is so sad that it often isn't till years later we realise how important these things are. I am pleased you like the posts

Jo-Anne's Ramblings said...

Oh yeah I agree we need to save these things

Jo-Anne's Ramblings said...

You are welcome I also learn stuff doing these posts

Jo-Anne's Ramblings said...

Thank you I liked doing these posts, cricket is boring

Jo-Anne's Ramblings said...

Yes I also find it sad that they are being lost

Jo-Anne's Ramblings said...

You are welcome there is so much to learn

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