Tuesday, 8 December 2015

The History of the Yule Log

Photo of a Yule Log by Wanye Camlin: http://www.flickr.com/photos/wcamlin/3128857279/

The custom of burning the Yule Log goes back to, and before, medieval times. It was originally a Nordic tradition. Yule is the name of the old Winter Solstice festivals in Scandinavia and other parts of northern Europe, such as Germany.

The Yule Log was originally an entire tree, that was carefully chosen and brought into the house with great ceremony. The largest end of the log would be placed into the fire hearth while the rest of the tree stuck out into the room! The log would be lit from the remains of the previous year's log which had been carefully stored away and slowly fed into the fire through the Twelve Days of Christmas. It was considered important that the re-lighting process was carried out by someone with clean hands. Nowadays, of course, most people have central heating so it is very difficult to burn a tree!

In parts of France it is traditional that the whole family helps to cut the log down and that a little bit is burnt each night. If any of the log is left after Twelfth Night, it is kept safe in the house until the next Christmas to protect against lightning! In some parts of Holland, this was also done, but the log had to be stored under a bed! In some eastern European countries, the log was cut down on Christmas Eve morning and lit that evening.

In Cornwall (in theUK), the log is called 'The Mock'. The log is dried out and then the bark is taken off it before it comes into the house to be burnt. Also in the UK, barrel makers (or Coopers as barrel makers were traditionally called) gave their customers old logs that they could not use for making barrels for Yule logs. (My surname is Cooper, but I don't make barrels! My Great Grandfather did own a walking stick factory though!)


The custom of the Yule Log spread all over Europe and different kids of wood are used in different countries. In England, Oak is traditional; in Scotland, it is Birch; while in France, it's Cherry. Also, in France, the log is sprinkled with wine, before it is burnt, so that it smells nice when it is lit.
In Devon and Somerset in the UK, some people have a very large bunch of Ash twigs instead of the log. This comes from a local legend that Joseph, Mary and Jesus were very cold when the shepherds found them on Christmas Night. So the shepherds got some bunches of twigs to burn to keep them warm.
In some parts of Ireland, people have a large candle instead of a log and this is only lit on New Year's Eve and Twelfth Night.

Different chemicals can be sprinkled on the log like wine to make the log burn with different coloured flames!
  • Potassium Nitrate = Violet
  • Barium Nitrate = Apple Green
  • Borax = Vivid Green
  • Copper Sulphate = Blue
  • Table Salt = Bright Yellow
A Chocolate Yule Log or 'bûche de Noël' is now a popular Christmas desert or pudding. It's traditionally eaten in France and Belgium, where they are known as 'Kerststronk' in Flemish.
They are made of a chocolate sponge roll layered with cream. The outside is covered with chocolate or chocolate icing and decorated to look like a bark-covered log.


10 comments:

  1. I loved reading this. Great history and traditions. I had no idea. Can't imagine having the whole christmas tree sticking out into the house while the end burned. I bet there were a lot house fires back then!

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    1. Yeah I know talk about weird, I knew none of this

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  2. I never heard of a Yule log until you wrote about it...very interesting.

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    1. I have seen chocolate yule logs in the shops and wondered what the hell so decided to Google it and this is what I came up with so thought it would make an interesting post

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  3. Dearest Jo-Anne,
    That would be a rather risky thing to bring in an entire tree and starting to burn it on one end! Back in those days when the homes were mainly out of wood...
    Glad they don't do that anymore!
    With Holland you sure don't mean the 2 Provinces of North and South Holland but you meant The Netherlands, as a country.
    Love the chocolate Yule Log the best!
    Sending you hugs,
    Mariette

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    1. Yeah I thought it would be a fire hazard maybe that is why the tradition faded out

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  4. How I wish I had a fireplace so that I could burn some wood occasionally. There is a great deal of necessary maintenance but if I had a fireplace I would gladly maintain it and the chimney well. xo

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    1. Yeah y parents miss having a fireplace at times

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  5. Nice history lesson---I didn't know any of this. I love the idea of sprinkling different chemicals on the log to bring out various colors!

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